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SOLAR ECLIPSE
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STANDING IN THE MOON SHADOW
On April 8, 2024 a total solar eclipse will pass over 13 states including Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine. Are you ready...

A couple seconds before the solar eclipse totality you can see what are called Baily's beads. Baily's beads are caused by sunlight passing through valleys and craters on the moon's surface. Then just as totality begins you will see the famous diamond ring effect. During totality you might also see a solar flare. When totality ends it will produce the same effects in the reverse order and on the opposite side of the moon.

You can look directly towards the sun without solar glasses or a filter during the period of complete totality. During totality the sun's corona will be too dim to be seen using solar glasses or solar filters. Anything less than complete totality, within one second before or after, you will need certified solar glasses.

Pointing a camera directly at the sun without a filter could damage the digital image sensors. This is more of an issue when using telephoto lens with extended exposure times than with phone type cameras or auto exposure modes. With a 35mm camera it is recommended to use at least a 200mm telephoto lens. To fill the complete frame with the sun you will need a 500mm or longer telephoto lens. Photography during totality doesn't requires any special equipment. Don't look at the sun through the camera view finder except during complete totality.

The closer towards the center you are in the path of totality, the longer that complete totality lasts. On the edges along the path of totality, the time of total darkness might only last a couple seconds.

Totality will last between 3 minutes 30 seconds and 4 minutes 30 seconds depending on location. The path of totality will be over 120 miles wide. The closer you are towards the center line along the path of totality, the longer amount of time totality will last.

The accuracy of solar eclipse predictions is not perfect due to the wobble of the Earth. There can be differences of 1 - 2 miles in the calculation in the path of totality and the exact time can vary by a couple seconds.

WEATHER RECORDS AND FORECAST
The weather plays a major factor when viewing a solar eclipse. If it is cloudy you won't be able to see the sun's corona during the total solar eclipse.Weather records and history will help determine past weather patterns and the probability of conditions for the day of the total solar eclipse.
https://www.usclimatedata.com
http://www.city-data.com/

The path of the 2024 total solar eclipse will pass over more populated areas and major cities in the USA than the 2017 total solar eclipse. The largest city the 2024 total solar eclipse will pass over is Dallas, Texas. It will also pass over Indianapolis, Cleveland and Buffalo to name a few of the major metropolitan areas.

SOLAR ECLIPSE CONFLUENCE
The cities of Benton, Cape Girardeau, Carbondale, Chester, Farmington, Harrisburg, Marion, Metropolis, Paducah, and Perryville are in the confluence of totality for both the 2017 and 2024 eclipses.

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Total Solar Eclipse on April 8, 2024
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